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There was, last week, a glimmer of hope in the wor...

There was, last week, a glimmer of hope in the world food crisis. Expecting a bumper harvest, Ukraine relaxed restrictions on exports. Overnight, global wheat prices fell by 10 percent.

By contrast, traders in Bangkok quote rice prices around $1,000 a ton, up from $460 two months ago.

Such is the volatility of today’s markets. We do not know how high food prices might go, nor how far they could fall. But one thing is certain: We have gone from an era of plenty to one of scarcity. Experts agree that food prices are not likely to return to the levels the world had grown accustomed to any time soon.

Imagine the situation of those living on less than $1 a day - the “bottom billion,” the poorest of the world’s poor. Most live in Africa, and many might typically spend two-thirds of their income on food.

In Liberia last week, I heard how people have stopped purchasing imported rice by the bag. Instead, they increasingly buy it by the cup, because that’s all they can afford.

Traveling though West Africa, I found good reason for optimism. In Burkina Faso, I saw a government working to import drought resistant seeds and better manage scarce water supplies, helped by nations like Brazil. In Ivory Coast, we saw a women’s cooperative running a chicken farm set up with UN funds. The project generated income - and food - for villagers in ways that can easily be replicated.

Elsewhere, I saw yet another women’s group slowly expanding their local agricultural production, with UN help. Soon they will replace World Food Program rice with their own home-grown produce, sufficient to cover the needs of their school feeding program.

These are home-grown, grass-roots solutions for grass-roots problems - precisely the kind of solutions that Africa needs.

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第1题

There was, last week, a glimmer of hope in the world food crisis. Expecting a bumper harvest, Ukraine relaxed restrictions on exports. Overnight, global wheat prices fell by 10 percent.
By contrast, traders in Bangkok quote rice prices around $1,000 a ton, up from $460 two months ago.
Such is the volatility of today’s markets. We do not know how high food prices might go, nor how far they could fall. But one thing is certain: We have gone from an era of plenty to one of scarcity. Experts agree that food prices are not likely to return to the levels the world had grown accustomed to any time soon.
Imagine the situation of those living on less than $1 a day - the “bottom billion,” the poorest of the world’s poor. Most live in Africa, and many might typically spend two-thirds of their income on food.
In Liberia last week, I heard how people have stopped purchasing imported rice by the bag. Instead, they increasingly buy it by the cup, because that’s all they can afford.
Traveling though West Africa, I found good reason for optimism. In Burkina Faso, I saw a government working to import drought resistant seeds and better manage scarce water supplies, helped by nations like Brazil. In Ivory Coast, we saw a women’s cooperative running a chicken farm set up with UN funds. The project generated income - and food - for villagers in ways that can easily be replicated.
Elsewhere, I saw yet another women’s group slowly expanding their local agricultural production, with UN help. Soon they will replace World Food Program rice with their own home-grown produce, sufficient to cover the needs of their school feeding program.
These are home-grown, grass-roots solutions for grass-roots problems - precisely the kind of solutions that Africa needs.


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第2题

阅读理解。????There are varieties of bee in the wor...

阅读理解。
????There are varieties of bee in the world. Scientists are interested in honeybees because of the "language" they

use to communicate with each other. Karl von Frisch, a professor from Austria, devoted many years of his life

to researching the ways honey-bees communicate in their hives (蜂房). Karl von Frisch built special hives, a

glass wall and painted some honey-bees with different colors.

????A marked bee which returned to the hive from the feeding table performed a dance on the surface of the

honeycomb (蜂巢). First it made a circle to the right, then to the left. It repeated these circles again and again.

The surrounding bees copied its dances and then they left for the feeding place.

????Karl von Frisch set up two feeding places. One was close to the hive the other was farther away. The bees

that had been at the nearby feeding place were doing the circling dance. The bees at the distant feeding place

were dancing differently. The dancer ran in a straight line, wagging (摇摆) from side to side. Then it turned in

a semicircle (半圆), ran straight again, and turned in another semicircle to the opposite side. It repeated the

dance over and over. The dances convey messages about the far-away feeding place. Karl von Frisch and his

assistants slowly moved a feeding place close to the hive farther and farther away and they counted how many

times the bees repeated the dance in one minute. Finally they found out the number of wagging dances per

minute told the exact distance to the feeding place.

1. Scientists are interested in honeybees just because _____.

[????]

A. The honey-bees have bright colors.

B. The honey-bees enjoy a strange way of communication.

C. The honeydew is delicious.

D. there are several kinds of bees in the world.

2. Professor Karl von Frisch was from _____.

[????]

A. America

B. Australia

C. Sweden

D. Austria

3. What information does the dance convey?

[????]

A. There is no feeding place around.

B. The feeding place is farther away.

C. The feeding place is too far for the bees to get to.

D. The feeding place is near the hive.

4. What did Karl von Frisch want to find out while moving a feeding place close to the hive farther and farther

???away?

[????]

A. How the bees continued their dances.

B. How the bees communicated the distance to the feeding place.

C. The differences between the circling dance and the wagging dance.

D. How the bees flew to the feeding place.

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第3题

One day last week I went a walk in the country.                                       1.       
In the morning the weather was well and the sun was                                           2.       
shining;the sky was blue and there were no could.                                         3.       
Soon a cool wind started blown and black clouds                                          4.       
were covered the sun and then it started to rain.                                           5.       
There were no houses in sight,but I got very wet.                                          6.       
After a hour or so,I managed to catch a bus which                                        7.       
took me home.But when I arrived I was shivering                                         8.       
and I knew I had caught a bad cold.I must                                                   9.       
have taken my coat.I had nothing to do but to                                              10.       
stay at home and wait for a doctor.
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第4题

There was a man who had four sons. He hoped his so...

There was a man who had four sons. He hoped his sons could learn not to judge things too quickly.

So one day he gavehis four sons a task, asking each of them to go to see a pear tree at a distance in different seasons.

The first son set out in winter, the second in spring, the third in summer, and the youngest son in autumn.

When all of them returned home, the man called them together to describe what they had seen.

The first son said the tree was ugly, bent, without leaves and therefore hopeless.

The second son said it was not like that, but the tree was covered with green buds (芽 and full of hope.

The third son disagreed, saying that it was full of flowers which smelled so sweet and looked so beautiful, and that hehad never seen such beautiful scenery.

The last son disagreed with all of them, saying that the tree was filled with fruits, full of life and happiness.

The man told his four sons that all of them were correct, because they only saw the tree in one season. He told themthat they could not judge a tree or a person only by one season, and that only when all the seasons were over could theyknow a tree or a person fully.

We can learn more from this story. If we just give up in winter, we will miss the hope of spring, the beauty of summerand the harvest of autumn in our life.

The man wanted his sons not to____________

A.have a harvest too soon

B.accept a task loo quickly

C.make a conclusion too soon

D.give n description too quickly

According to the second son, the tree was————

A.lifeless

B.hopeful

C.fruitless

D.beautiful

In the eyes of the third son, the pear tree was a beautiful view.A.in spring

B.in winter

C.in autumn

D.in summer

When the youngest son saw the tree, it was a season of.A.harvest

B.promise

C.coldness

D.sweetness

What can we learn from the last paragraph?A.We can enjoy sweet fruits in autumn.

B.We can enjoy a beautiful view in summer.

C.We should not lose hope when we are in difficulty.

D.We should lose hope when we are feeling cold.


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第5题

Which of the following activities was the responsibility of the federal government in the nineteenth century?
A.Controlling of the manufacture of gunpowder.
B.Determining the conditions under which individuals worked.
C.Regulation of the supply of money.
D.Inspection of new homes built on western lands.

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第6题


Last week my youngest son and I visited my father at his new home in Tucson, Arizona. He moved there a few years ago, and I was eager to see his new place and meet his friends.
My earliest memories of my father are a tall, handsome, successful man devoted to his work and his family, but uncomfortable with his children. As a child I loved him. He seemed unhappy with me unless I got straight A’s and unhappy with my boyfriends if their fathers were not as “successful” as he was. Whenever I went out with him on weekends, I used to struggle to think up things to say, feeling on guard.
On the first day of my visit, we went out with one of my father’s friends for lunch at an outdoor café. We walked along that afternoon, did some shopping, ate on the street table, and laughed over my son’s funny facial expressions. Gone was my father’s critical (挑剔的) air and strict rules. Who was this person I knew as my father, who seemed so friendly and interesting to be around? What had held him back before?
The next day dad pulled out his childhood pictures and told me quite a few stories about his own childhood. Although our times together became easier over the years, I never felt closer to him at that moment. After so many years, I’m at last seeing another side of my father. And in so doing, I’m delighted with my new friend. My dad, in his new home in Arizona, is back to me from where he was.
56. Why did the author feel bitter about her father as a young adult?
A. He was silent most of the time.
B. He was too proud of himself.
C. He did not love his children.
D. He expected too much of her.
57. When the author went out with her father on weekend, she would feel         .
A. nervous                B. sorry              C. tired            D. safe
58. What does the author think of her father after her visit to Tucson?
A. More critical.          B. More talkative
C. Gentle and friendly.     D. Strict and hard-working.
59. The underlined words “my new friend” in the last paragraph refer to         .
A. the author’s son                               B. the author’s father
C. the friend of the author’s father         D. the café owner
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第7题

Last week my youngest son and I visited my father at his new home in Tucson, Arizona. He moved there a few years ago, and I was eager to see his now place and meet his friends.
My earliest memories of my father are a tall, handsome, successful man devoted to his work and family but uncomfortable with his children. As a child I loved him; as a school girl and young adult(成年人)I feared him and felt bitter about him. He seemed unhappy with me unless I got straight A’s and unhappy with my boy friends if their fathers were not as “successful” as he was. Whenever I went out with him on weekends, I used to struggle to think up things to say, feeling on guard.
On the first day of my visit, we went out with one of my father’s friends for lunch at an outdoor cafe. We walked along that afternoon, did some shopping, ate on the street table, and laughed over my son’s funny facial expressions. Gone was my father’s critical(挑剔的)air and strict rules. Who was this person I knew as my father, who seemed so friendly and interesting to be around? What had held him back before?
The next day my dad pulled out his childhood pictures and told me quite a few stories about his own childhood. Although our times together became easier over the years, I never felt closer to him at that moment. After so many years, I’m at last seeing another side of my father. And in so doing, I’m delighted with my new friend. My dad, in his new home in Arizona, is back to me from where he was.
小题1:Why did the author feel bitter about her father as a young adult?
A.He was silent most of the timeB.He was too proud of himself
C.He did not love his childrenD.He expected too much of her
小题2:When the author went out with her father on weekends, she would feel         .
A.nervousB.sorryC.tiredD.safe
小题3:What does the author think of her father after her visit to Tucson?
A.More criticalB.More talkative
C.Gentle and friendlyD.Strict and hard-working
小题4:The underlined words “my new friend” in the last paragraph refer to           .
A.the author’s sonB.the author’s father
C.the friend of the author’s fatherD.the cafe owner
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第8题

B??There was a Roman general in the 3rd century BC...

B??

There was a Roman general in the 3rd century BC named Regulus who always kept his word. This fact was well known even to Rome’s enemy—Cathage. Once, he lost a battle and was taken prisoner and sent to a Carthage prison for a period of time. Finally, his captors came to him with an offer, which they hoped would cause the Romans to give in, thus ending the war.

They asked General Regulus to go back to Rome. They wanted him to tell the Romans that Carthage was winning the war and it was useless for Rome to continue fighting. They also said that if he refused to do as they asked, he would have to sail back to Cathage and serve as a prisoner of war in their prison. Since General Regulus was a man of honor, they knew he would keep his word and return to Carthage.

Regulus set sail for Rome and on his arrival, he was immediately taken to the authorities (当局). He knew how the war was progressing from the enemy's point of view. He told the Romans that they should not give up but continue fighting, as it would only be a matter of time until Rome would win the battle over Carthage. So the Romans decided to continue the war effort. Large groups of soldiers were sent to battle due to General Regulus' suggestion.

Regulus went home to see his wife and his children but only for a short time. With deep sorrow, he informed them that he had given his word that he would return to Carthage and to his prison. Though they wished he would stay, his family knew that he must keep his word and return. He returned to Carthage as promised but Rome soon won the war.

60. This passage mainly tells us that General Regulus was____.

A. a determined man????????????????????????????B. a man of his word

C. loyal to his homeland?????????????????????????D. a patient man

61. The underlined word “captors" (in Paragraph 1) probably refers to “____”.????

A. people who are taken prisoners????????????B. people who have lost a battle

C. people who have won a battle?????????????D. people who keep others prisoners

62. After General Regulus' visit to Rome, the Romans_____.

A. continued the war????????????????????????????B. made peace with Carthage

C. gave in?????????????????????????????????????D. accepted their failure

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第9题

听力原文:Last week at the sale Jane bought herself an overcoat for 30 pounds which was one quarter of the regular price.
How much does the overcoat cost at the regular price?
A.120.
B.15.
C.60.
D.45.

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第10题

听力原文:Last week at the sale Jane bought herself an overcoat for 30 pounds which was one quarter of the regular price.
How much does the overcoat cost at the regular price?
A.120.
B.15.
C.60.
D.45.

请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!
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