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Passage 3 London is one of the world’s great cente...

Passage 3 London is one of the world’s great centers for classical and popular culture. it has enjoyed a reputation for superb theater since the time of Shakespeare in the 16th century. The variety ranges from the majestic Royal National Theatre to the lavish Royal Opera House. The sheer number of symphony orchestras is impressive and includes the London Symphony Orchestra, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra and the English Chamber Orchestra. // Some of the most well-known concert halls in the world, such as the Royal Festival Hall, provide favorable venues for the cornucopia of performances in London. London itself is a living museum, with more than 2,000 years of history and culture. But it also boasts one of the greatest concentrations of significant museums (more than 100) of any city in the world. The jewel in this cultural crown is the British Museum, with 4 kilometers of galleries and more than 4 million exhibits.//

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第1题

Passage 3 London is one of the world’s great centers for classical and popular culture. it has enjoyed a reputation for superb theater since the time of Shakespeare in the 16th century. The variety ranges from the majestic Royal National Theatre to the lavish Royal Opera House. The sheer number of symphony orchestras is impressive and includes the London Symphony Orchestra, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra and the English Chamber Orchestra. // Some of the most well-known concert halls in the world, such as the Royal Festival Hall, provide favorable venues for the cornucopia of performances in London. London itself is a living museum, with more than 2,000 years of history and culture. But it also boasts one of the greatest concentrations of significant museums (more than 100) of any city in the world. The jewel in this cultural crown is the British Museum, with 4 kilometers of galleries and more than 4 million exhibits.//


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第2题


The National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., is one of the world’s greatest art museums. Millions of people have entered its doors to see paintings by the world’s fine artists. But if these priceless masterpieces are to be preserved, the Gallery must protect them carefully. The Gallery’s 135-man guard force has successfully prevented them from being stolen, but protecting the paintings from nature is a greater problem.
In past times, the owners of paintings did not protect them from damaging changes in humidity(湿度)and temperature. As a result, the life of these paintings were shortened. In the National Gallery, however, humidity and temperature are carefully controlled. The building is air-conditioned in summer and heated in winter. The air-conditioning and heating system are so important to the life of the painting that the Gallery has two of each system. If one should fail, the extra one can take over.
Light is another enemy of paintings. Ultraviolet rays(紫外线)in light cause paintings to fade(褪色). Long ago, paintings often hung in dark churches and palaces. A coat of varnish(清漆)was a protection from the weak light. But when museums took over the care of many paintings, they were often hung in brighter light than before. Soon they were in danger of fading. The damaging effects of light were increased when the museums removed the varnish coating, yellowed with age.
To protect its paintings, the National Gallery put a special kind of glass in its skylights. This glass allows visible lights to enter the building but it keeps out harmful ultraviolet rays. The Gallery has also developed new and better varnishes which help to keep paintings from fading. Thanks to these new precautions, many of the world’s greatest paintings are being well protected for future generations to enjoy.
小题1:The text mainly tells us about_________________________.
A.the guard force in the National Gallery
B.protecting great paintings from nature
C.priceless paintings of past times
D.the air-conditioning and heating systems in the National Gallery
小题2:Which of the following is NOT an enemy of paintings?
A.Varnish.B.Temperature.C.Light.D.Humidity.
小题3:The underlined word “precautions” in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ____________.  
A.decorationsB.problemsC.suggestionsD.applications
小题4:From the text we can infer that________________________.
A.great artists painted in dark churches and palaces
B.you can touch these paintings while you are in the National Gallery
C.the care of the world’s greatest paintings is both a big responsibility and a great challenge
D.the guard force in the Gallery has not done a good job
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第3题

The National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., is one of the world's greatest art museums. Millions of people have entered its doors to see paintings by the world's fine artists. But if these priceless masterpieces are to be preserved, the Gallery must protect them carefully. The Gallery's 135-man guard force has successfully prevented them from being stolen, but protecting the paintings from nature is a greater problem.
In past times, the owners of paintings did not protect them from damaging changes in humidity (湿度) and temperature. As a result, the life of these paintings were shortened. In the National Gallery, however, humidity and temperature are carefully controlled. The building is air-conditioned in summer and heated in winter. The air-conditioning and heating system are so important to the life of the painting that the Gallery has two of each system. If one should fail, the extra one can take over.
Light is another enemy of paintings. Ultraviolet rays (紫外线) in light cause paintings to fade (褪色).  Long ago, paintings often hung in dark churches and palaces. A coat of varnish (清漆) was a protection from the weak light. But when museums took over the care of many paintings, they were often hung in brighter light than before. Soon they were in danger of fading. The damaging effects of light were increased when the museums removed the varnish coating, yellowed with age.
To protect its paintings, the National Gallery put a special kind of glass in its skylights. This glass allows visible lights to enter the building but it keeps out harmful ultraviolet rays. The Gallery has also developed new and better varnishes which help to keep paintings from fading. Thanks to these new precautions, many of the world's greatest paintings are being well protected for future generations to enjoy.
小题1:The text mainly tells us about ______.
A.the guard force in the National Gallery
B.protecting great paintings from nature
C.priceless paintings of past times
D.the air-conditioning and heating systems in the National Gallery
小题2:The underlined word "precautions" in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ______.  
A.decorations
B.problems
C.suggestions
D.applications
小题3:From the text we can infer that_______.
A.great artists painted in dark churches and palaces
B.you can touch these paintings while you are in the National Gallery
C.the care of the world's greatest paintings is both a big responsibility and a great challenge
D.the guard force in the Gallery has not done a good job
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第4题

阅读理解。
     The National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., is one of the world's greatest art museums. Millions
of people have entered its doors to see paintings by the world's fine artists. But if these priceless
masterpieces are to be preserved, the Gallery must protect them carefully. The Gallery's 135-man guard
force has successfully prevented them from being stolen, but protecting the paintings from nature is a
greater problem.
     In past times, the owners of paintings did not protect them from damaging changes in humidity (湿度)
and temperature. As a result, the life of these paintings were shortened. In the National Gallery, however,
humidity and temperature are carefully controlled. The building is air-conditioned in summer and heated
in winter. The air-conditioning and heating system are so important to the life of the painting that the
Gallery has two of each system. If one should fail, the extra one can take over.
     Light is another enemy of paintings. Ultraviolet rays (紫外线) in light cause paintings to fade (褪色).
Long ago, paintings often hung in dark churches and palaces. A coat of varnish (清漆) was a protection
from the weak light. But when museums took over the care of many paintings, they were often hung in
brighter light than before. Soon they were in danger of fading. The damaging effects of light were
increased when the museums removed the varnish coating, yellowed with age.
     To protect its paintings, the National Gallery put a special kind of glass in its skylights. This glass
allows visible lights to enter the building but it keeps out harmful ultraviolet rays. The Gallery has also
developed new and better varnishes which help to keep paintings from fading.
     Thanks to these new precautions, many of the world's greatest paintings are being well protected for
future generations to enjoy.
1.The text mainly tells us about ______.
A. the guard force in the National Gallery
B. protecting great paintings from nature
C. priceless paintings of past times
D. the air-conditioning and heating systems in the National Gallery
2. Which of the following is NOT an enemy of paintings?
A. Varnish.
B. Temperature.
C. Light.
D. Humidity.
3. The underlined word "precautions" in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ______.  
A. decorations
B. problems
C. suggestions
D. applications
4. From the text we can infer that_______.
A. great artists painted in dark churches and palaces
B. you can touch these paintings while you are in the National Gallery
C. the care of the world's greatest paintings is both a big responsibility and a great challenge
D. the guard force in the Gallery has not done a good job
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第5题


The question of whether war is inevitable is one which has concerned many of the world’s great writers. Before   36    this question, it will be useful to introduce some   37  concepts. Conflict,  38   as opposition among  social units-or individuals-directed against one another, is  39 from competition, which    40   opposition among social units   41  seeking to obtain something which is   42   inadequate supply. Competitors may not know about one another, which those who   43  in a conflict do. Conflict and competition are both   44   of opposition. The meaning of opposition has been stated as a process by which social unit function in the disservice of one another, opposition is   45  contrasted to cooperation, a   46   by which social units function in the service of one another. These   47   are necessary because it is important to emphasize that    competition between individuals or groups is inevitable in a world of limited   48  , but conflict isn’t . Conflict, nevertheless, is very likely to occur and is probably an essential and desirable   49  of human societies.
Many authors have 50 their arguments that war cannot be avoided on the idea that in the struggle for existence among groups of animals, only those which are best 51 remain alive. In general, however, this struggle in nature is competition, not conflict. Those who fail in this competition 52 starve
to death or are 53 by other types of animals. This struggle for 54 is not similar to human war, but is like the competition of 55 for jobs, markets, and materials. The most important quality of this struggle is the competition for the necessities of life that are not enough to satisfy all.
36.A.considering    B.solving C.answering    D.saying 
37.A.related    B.used     C.translated    D.sacred 
38.A.specified B.remarked     C.defined       D.claimed      
39.A.variable  B.distinguished      C.various D.isolated      
40.A.acknowledged       B.denies  C.assumes       D.means 
41.A.critically B.approximately     C.independently     D.costly 
42.A.on   B.for       C.with     D.in
43.A.enter      B.participate   C.fall      D.involve      
44.A.formations     B.classes  C.terms   D.reactions    
45.A.nevertheless   B.however      C.thus     D.maybe
46.A.procession     B.standard      C.process D.measurement     
47.A.accounts B.definitions   C.descriptions D.explanations      
48.A.resources       B.origins C.sources D.materials    
49.A.matter    B.element       C.event   D.coincidence
50.A.concentrated  B.fixed    C.centered      D.based  
51.A.encouraged    B.accepted      C.adapted       D.adopted      
52.A.not only B.either   C.neither D.both   
53.A.killed     B.raised   C.fired    D.surrounded 
54.A.resistence       B.privilege     C.favour  D.employment      
55.A.workers  B.officials      C.individuals  D.residents    
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第6题

根据短文内容,从下框的A-F选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。选项中有一项为多余项。(注意:答案E涂AB,F涂BC)

小题1:People have expressed themselves through the movements, steps, and rhythms of dance since the beginning of time. They have prayed and celebrated their victories through dance. People have mourned their dead and healed their sick through dance, the language of the body.
小题2:Today there are many kinds of dancing. For example, there is folk dancing, ballet dancing, and modern dancing. Modern dance, which began in the early 1900s, is a very expressionistic dance. Modern dancers follow no set pattern. Rather, they create their own movements to match the feeling they are trying to express. But modern dance means more than just self-expression.
小题3:Martha Graham is one of the world’s greatest modern dancers. As a young dancer, she studied with some of the founders of the modern dance movement. Influenced by many different kinds of dancing, Martha Graham developed her own personal dance style. She later formed her own dance company and school in the New York City. The following are some of her feelings about her art.
小题4:The modern dancer’s costume is an important part of his or her dance. There is always some reason why a dance costume should be a certain color or an outfit cut in a certain way. The reason comes out of the dance itself. Unlike a ballet costume, a modern dance costume is left of the dancers’ art except the pictures and the memories.
小题5:Dances come from something deep within a person. That something cannot be expressed with words--- it must be told through movement. Because dance expresses emotions, it affects the mind and the body. Dance should not be taken apart interpreted-dance must be experienced.
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第7题

根据短文内容,从下框的A-F选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。选项中有一项为多余项。(注意:答案E涂AB,F涂BC)

小题1:People have expressed themselves through the movements, steps, and rhythms of dance since the beginning of time. They have prayed and celebrated their victories through dance. People have mourned their dead and healed their sick through dance, the language of the body.
小题2:Today there are many kinds of dancing. For example, there is folk dancing, ballet dancing, and modern dancing. Modern dance, which began in the early 1900s, is a very expressionistic dance. Modern dancers follow no set pattern. Rather, they create their own movements to match the feeling they are trying to express. But modern dance means more than just self-expression.
小题3:Martha Graham is one of the world’s greatest modern dancers. As a young dancer, she studied with some of the founders of the modern dance movement. Influenced by many different kinds of dancing, Martha Graham developed her own personal dance style. She later formed her own dance company and school in the New York City. The following are some of her feelings about her art.
小题4:The modern dancer’s costume is an important part of his or her dance. There is always some reason why a dance costume should be a certain color or an outfit cut in a certain way. The reason comes out of the dance itself. Unlike a ballet costume, a modern dance costume is left of the dancers’ art except the pictures and the memories.
小题5:Dances come from something deep within a person. That something cannot be expressed with words--- it must be told through movement. Because dance expresses emotions, it affects the mind and the body. Dance should not be taken apart interpreted-dance must be experienced.
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第8题

Our world natural park is one of the most famous parks in the world. Millions of visitors from different countries visit this park every year. In order to protect it,please do as follows:
◆Protect the natural and cultural heritage. Don’t damage or deface any buildings,dis-plays and other facilities. Take care of all plants. Put rubbish in the bins provided.
◆Take care when you are going up and down steps or stairs and when you are walking nearby the waters.
◆Please buy tickets before entering the scenic spot. One ticket is only for one person. A-dult:$60 per ticket. Children over 6 and under 18,half price. People over 60 and children un-der 6 are free.
◆If you are going into the wooded and hilly lands,for your own safety,please go with three people at least and don't take any tinder(易燃物)along with you. The hill is steep, so please take care of yourself.
◆This scenic spot is the reserve of water source: No fishing,swimming,washing and any behaviors that are harmful to the water source. Meanwhile,please follow the management rules of the scenic spot conscientiously.
◆Opening time:From Monday to Friday,8:00 a. m.~18:00 p. m.;From Saturday to Sunday,6:00 a. m:一24:00 p. m.
◆Small animals such as rabbits,peacocks,squirrels,frogs must be taken care of: None of them shall be killed.
If you have any trouble in visiting our world natural park,please call 477一866一7044.Our staff will do our best to help you.
小题1:How much will be paid for a 65-year-old man with his 8-year-old grandson?
A.Free.B.$30.C.$60.D.$120.
小题2:On weekends,the opening time is_hours longer than weekdays.
A.4 B.6 C.8 D.10
小题3:From the passage,we can infer that the water in this park is_.
A.clean B.polluted C.dangerous D.colorful
小题4:Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A.Tourists can hike alone in the hilly lands.
B.Small animals are under protection in the park.
C.Children can play with small animals.
D.Tourists can have a swim in the water.
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第9题

Leo Tolstoy was a Russian writer and moral philosopher, and one of the world's greatest novelists. He was born on April 30,1828 and died on Feb. 14, 1910. His writings【1】influenced much of 20th-century literature, and his moral【2】helped shape the thinking of several important【3】and political leaders.
Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy was born【4】a family of noble landowners at his family【5】south of Moscow. His early education came from tutors at home, but after the deaths of his parents in the 1830s, he was【6】by relatives. He entered Kazan' University when he was 16 but preferred to educate himself independently, and in 1847 he【7】his studies without finishing his degree. His next 15 years were very【8】. Tolstoy returned to manage the family estate, with the determination to improve himself【9】and physically. Alter less than two years, however, he abandoned rural life【10】the pleasures of Moscow. In 1851 Tolstoy traveled to the Caucasus, a region then part of southern Russia,【11】his brother was serving in the army. He was【12】as a volunteer, serving with distinction in the Crimean War from 1853 to 1856.
Tolstoy began his literary career during his army service, and his first work, the semiautobiographical short novel Childhood【13】was published in 1852, brought him fame. A series of other stories【14】, and when he left the army in 1856 he was acknowledged as a rising new talent in literature.
Tolstoy achieved great literary fame during his lifetime, both in Russia and abroad. Thirty-one translations of his works【15】in the year 1887 alone.
The most significant part of Tolstoy's legacy may be his defense of the individual personality.
(1)
A.previously
B.primitively
C.profoundly
D.probably

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第10题

阅读理解。
     The Times of London has launched an important new service-E-paper.  It's greatly different from the
current online-service,but exactly the same as the printed newspaper in Britain.  The News,Sapotr,
Business section, 12,The Came (every Monday) ,the classified,even the crossword are all laid out just as
in the paper. It's the actual paper…,without the paper. To try a free demonstration,click the button below.
      Now you can access the Times newspaper as it is printed from 5 am CMT on the day of publication. For the first time,wherever you are outside the UK,you can get today's newspaper on your screen from
just 24p per day.
        In addition to the new E-paper,subscribing(订阅)  to Times online gives you the complete
Newspaper Headline List,as well as to the Times Online Website and all associated online services.
Your subscription brings you daily access to:
●The new E-paper edition
●The Times Online Website and services
●The Newspaper Edition Headline List
You can pay in any one of the following ways:
●One of monthly subscription: ?7.50
●Monthly payment scheme: ?6.50 per month
●Annual payment scheme: ?75.00 per year
1. Where can this ad be found?
A. On a computer.    
B. In a newspaper.      
C. On an ad board.      
D. On TV.
2.  The underlined sentence "It's the actual paper…, without the paper. " means information
      in the E-paper _____.
A. can be received free of charge            
B.  is given without being printed
C. cannot be found in any other papers      
D. is limited to only a few fields
3. It can be inferred from the advertisement that _______.   
A. the more papers you subscribe to,the less you will have to pay
B. the longer your subscription to the paper is,the less you will have to pay
C. the Times newspaper is printed in different parts of the world
D. what happened in the late aftemoon appears in the same day's Times
4.  According to the passage which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. You can read the E-paper on the screen free of charge every day.
B.  E-paper is greatly the same as the online service.
C. Everyone can have access to The Times Online Website and services.
D.  E-paper is much the same as the printed paper.
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